Biofuel Impact on Life on Land: Sustainable Development Goal 15

Yuqian Zhang and Jianguo (Jack) Liu
Fisheries and Wildlife

Presented at the All Scientist Meeting and Investigators Field Tour (2021-09-23 to 2021-09-23 )

Biofuels hold promise to be a renewable resource, but complex socio-ecological impacts may compromise the benefits of this clean alternative. An assessment of such complex biofuel production impact on biodiversity conservation and sustainable development is lacking yet needed. Here, I use coupled human and natural systems (CHANS) and metacoupling frameworks to conceptualize the important pathways of how booming biofuel production may impact the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – a global integrative assessment on biodiversity conservation and sustainable development. Then I model the different scenarios based on energy goals and crop choices and analyze the scenario impact on SDGs. This study provides an explanation for the pathways from biofuel production to integrated conservation and sustainable development, advances knowledge in biofuel production impact especially by adding the integrated natural (conservation) and social (sustainable development) dimension to current biofuel research, promotes potential environmental and social benefits, and better inform future biofuel policymaking and sustainable planning.

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