Activity report

This table lists the activities and the equipment used on replicate 1. Other replicates might be different.

This datatable is part of the Main Cropping System Experiment dataset. This dataset includes information about the LTER main site treatments, agronomic practices carried out on the treatments and approved site use requests.

Most long-term hypotheses associated with the KBS LTER site are being tested within the context of the main cropping systems study. This study was established on a 48 ha area on which a series of 7 different cropping systems were established in spring 1988, each replicated in one of 6 ha blocks. An eighth never-tilled successional treatment, is located 200 m off-site, replicated as four 0.06 ha plots.

Cropping systems include the following treatments:

  1. standard chemical input corn/soybean/wheat rotation conventionally tilled (corn/soybean prior to 1992)
  2. standard chemical input corn/soybean/wheat rotation no-tilled (corn/soybean prior to 1992)
  3. low chemical input corn/soybean/wheat rotation conventionally tilled (ridge till prior to 1994)
  4. zero chemical input corn/soybean wheat rotation conventionally tilled (ridge till prior to 1994)
  5. Populus clones on short-rotation (6-7 year) harvest cycle
  6. continuous alfalfa, replanted every 6-7 years
  7. early successional community on historically tilled soil
  8. successional community on never-tilled soil.

For specific crops in a given year see the Annual Crops Summary Table.

In 1993 a series of forest sites were added to the main cropping system study to provide long-term reference points and to allow hypotheses related to substrate diversity to be tested. These include:

  • DF – three deciduous forest stands, two old-growth and one 40-60 years post-cutting
  • CF – three conifer plantations, 40-60 years old
  • SF – three old-field (mid-successional) sites 40+ years post-abandonment.

All share a soil series with the main cropping system treatments, and are within 5 km of all other sites.

For each system (and for a number of microplot treatments nested within the main treatment plots) the following baseline variates are being measured (described in greater detail in other data set descriptors):

  • plant characteristics, including species distributions and abundances, net aboveground productivity by functional group (crop vs. non dominant biomass, selected non dominant biomass), economic yields, tissue C and N contents, seed bank composition;
  • soil chemical and physical characteristics, including soil moisture, pH, inorganic N and P pools, total C, N, and P pools, bulk density;
  • soil biological characteristics, including microbial biomass C and N, N mineralization rates (buried bags), microbial populations, invertebrate populations; and
  • insect and pathogen dynamics, including distributions and abundances of major insect pests and predators and of Fusarium pathogens.


Experiment: Main Cropping System Experiment (MCSE)
Data available from: May 1988 to December 2017
Dataset: KBS004
Datatable ID: KBS004-012.63
Related Tables:
Last Updated 2017-12-18
Variate Description Units
Obs date observation date
Treatment experimental treatment
Plot plot where the activity occured
Observation type type of activity.
Equipment equipment used during the activity.

Data Excerpt

obs_date treatment plot observation_type equipment
2018-06-14 T4 T4R1 Soil Preparation John Deere 726 15'9" soil finisher
2018-06-12 T6 T6R1 Weed control Top Air Sprayer
2018-06-12 T6 T6R1 Pesticide application Top Air Sprayer
2018-06-12 T6 T6R1 Pesticide application TurboTwinJet 1103 Flat Fan Nozzles
2018-06-12 T6 T6R1 Weed control TurboTwinJet 1103 Flat Fan Nozzles
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