Codebook — Social Science Studies

Data in the KBS LTER core database may not be published without written permission of the lead investigator or project director Full terms of use

The codebook describing the questions in the survey

This datatable is part of the Bioenergy and Land Use Survey dataset.

The goal of this mail survey was to explore landowners’ attitudes, perceptions, and willingness to grow energy crops on marginal land in the southern half of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan. A major objective was to predict the potential supply of four potential bioenergy crops on three land types (cropland, hay & pasture land, farmable non-crop land), with special focus on the latter two categories of “marginal” land. The contingent valuation completely randomized experimental design covers four energy crops (corn, switchgrass, hybrid poplar, trees, mixed prairie) with four pre-defined rental rate offers ($50, $100, $200, $300 per acre) at one of two rental contract durations (5 or 10 years) for a total of 32 versions of the questionnaire. The area frame sample targeted owners of plots of 10 acres (4 hectares) or more of “marginal” land, using the USDA Cropland Data Layer 2010 where “marginal land” was defined as fallow cropland, shrubland, grassland, and hay or pasture. The two-stage clustered random sampling design began with random selection of 12 selected non-metropolitan counties in southern Michigan (the clusters) and within each one random selection of 100 owners of land parcels of at least 10 acres (4 ha.), where possible. The 4-wave direct mail survey asked landowners about their land uses, attitudes about their land, awareness of bioenergy crops, opinions about bioenergy and environment, concerns about land rental, and demographic background. The contingent valuation section asked for respondent willingness to rent each of the three land types for each of the four bioenergy crops at a specified rental rate for a specified contract period. The survey began in March 2012 and was completed in August 2012


Experiment: Social Science Studies
Dataset: KBS098
Datatable ID: KBS098-002.4
Repository link:
Related Tables:
Related Files:
Last Updated 2023-10-24
Variate Description Units
alias short descriptive name for the question
question number the position of the question on the questionnaire.
Definition question defintion
units units used in the response

Data Excerpt

question_number alias definition units
Varied by questionnaire id Landowner identification number Integer
1 question_1 landowner owns over 10 acres of rural land, land that is grassland, forest, or farmland yes=1, no=0
2 question_2 Landowner is the main decision maker for land management for his rural land yes=1, no=0
A1 a1 Landowner owns rural land in more than one location yes=1, no=0
A2 allegan Landowner in Allegan county yes=1, no=0
Sign In